The Madawaska Grant Book
With the Treaty of Washington signed, on August 9, 1842, the time had come to regularize the situation of people living in the Madawaska territory. In New Brunswick, the British Commissioners collected approximately 1200 depositions and rendered decisions on over 600 lots. The Madawaska Grant Book records it all in a one-volume manuscript of 302 pages. The Provincial Archives of New Brunswick preserve this work along with other related books.
The cadastral maps of James A. MacLauchlan and John C. Allen
Under Article IV of the Treaty of Washington (1842), two Commissioners appointed by Fredericton visited the occupants of his Britannic Majesty’s possessions situated on the north side of the St. John River. Their field investigation produced the set of maps bound in this atlas preserved at the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick. These plans defined the New Brunswick land registry as recognized by the Treaty and specified, for each lot, the name of the confirmed owner, its geographic location, and its acreage.
The cadastral maps of Philip Eastman, John W. Dana, and Henry W. Cunningham
Under Article IV of the Treaty of Washington (1842), three Commissioners appointed by the States of Maine and Massachusetts visited those Madawaskans now officially living on the territory of the United States of America. Their series of cadastral maps confirmed the location of the lots and the identity of their “American” owners. The Acadian Archives at the University of Maine at Fort Kent preserve the original plans (on the left), and the Maine State Archives preserve reproductions (on the right).
An important and easily noticed boundary marker
Replica of boundary monument No. 178, the northernmost one of the Canada-U.S. boundary east of Lake Superior. The original can be seen at Estcourt (Pohénégamook).
Madawaska following the Treaty of Washington (1842)
This mosaic map overlays a modern topographic map with the cadastral maps produced by MacLauchlan and Allen, for New Brunswick, and Eastman, Dana, and Cunningham, for Maine. The red line shows the actual Canada/USA boundary as officially delineated by the International Boundary Commission.