A stop on the link between Acadia and Quebec (1604 -1784)

The Acadian adventure begins in 1604. Quebec is founded in 1608. For 180 years, Acadia of the Lands and Forests has no permanent European population. Madawaska is a stop over between Acadia and Quebec. Missionaries, merchants, voyagers carrying mail, regiments of soldiers and Acadians fleeing deportation pass by in both directions.

“Official” founding date of Acadia (Champlain, Du Gua de Monts and 79 settlers spend the winter on St. Croix Island)
First Mass celebrated in Madawaska territory (by Father Drouillette)
New France grants the Seigneurie du Madoueska to Charles Aubert de la Chenaye
The Treaty of Utrecht grants Acadia (peninsular Nova Scotia) to England
Acadians swear an oath as French Neutrals
First written mention of Madawaska in English in the narrative Nine years a captive or John Gyles’ experience among the Malicite Indians from 1689 to 1698
The French administration opens the first continental link between the St. Lawrence River and Lake Témiscouata to link Acadia with Quebec
Founding of Halifax (2,500 settlers arrive from England with Colonel Edward Cornwallis)
Beginning of the Great Upheaval (9,242 Acadians are deported from Nova Scotia, Beaubassin and Chipoudie, Petitcodiac and Memramcook Rivers; 6,070 shipped to the American colonies
Louisbourg definitely falls into the hands of the English; second wave of deportations: 3,100 deported from Île Royale (Cape Breton) and Île Saint-Jean (Prince Edward Island) to France; 53% die in shipwrecks and from disease
Moses Hazen burns Sainte-Anne-des-Pays-Bas and massacres the inhabitants; Battle of the Plains of Abraham; 200 Acadian exiles returning from Quebec make a stop over in Madawaska
The Treaty of Paris ends the “French Regime”
The Maliseet Indians complain to Quebec authorities that the French from Kamouraska are hunting beavers on Madawaska lands
Nova Scotia prohibits Catholics from founding schools
The Seigneurie du Madawaska is sold to Malcolm Fraser
United States Declaration of Independence (exacerbation of the conflict between Americans and English, i.e. between Republicans and Loyalists)
Pierre Lizotte gets lost and spends the winter in Madawaska among the Maliseets; he later establishes a fur trading post there
Influx of Loyalists to Nova Scotia; Catholics are allowed to own land provided they swear an antipapist oath; the British administration opens the chemin du Portage between the St. Lawrence and Lake Témiscouata to link Halifax and Quebec
The “loyalist” Province of New Brunswick is established, separated from Nova Scotia

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